What does router mean

A router is a hardware (abbreviated HW)device that analyzes the contents of data packets transmitted within a network or to another network.

Technically,a router connects devices within a network by forwarding data packets between them. These data can be sent from the internet to devices and from devices to the internet. The router does this by assigning a local IP address to each of the devices on the network. This ensures that the data packets end up in the right place, rather than getting lost within the network.

Routers let multiple computers share a common Internet connection from your ISP (Internet Service Provider).When you order service from an ISP,they provide a box called wireless router,which has capabilities to make muliple wifi connections.

How to Set up a router

Setting up a wireless router is not an ordeal.Most of router manufacturers provide good inforamation with the router for “How to setup router”.

Now a days the majority of router manufacturers offer smartphone and tablet apps that you can use for first-time installation and subsequent tweaking.

Follow these steps for installation of router for first time:

1.Placement-Locate a place which is central for every corner.

2.Configuring Router Gateway

3.Connect your gateway to your new route

4.Change your wireless router’s admin password

5.Establish a password for your Wi-Fi network

Resetting & rebooting Router

There is a difference between resetting a router and rebooting a router. When you reboot your router that means you switch off the power to it. Resetting your router involves change in its  settings.

When rebooting your router, your internet connection will drop when your router is rebooted. Please follow these steps :

1.Unplug the power from the back of the router and

2.Wait for 15 -20 seconds

3.Plug it back in.

4.Allow the device a minute or two to turn back on.

Restart is same as reboot.

When you reset the router, the settings will be reverted to its factory defaults.  All of the customized settings of the router (Wi-Fi name (SSID), wireless security, etc.) will be erased.There are two methods of resetting of router.

1.Manual Reset-

  • Locate the reset button and press it.The light of your router will blink showing it is resetting.
  • Unplug the router from the power outlet for 30 seconds.
  • Plug it back and wait for the Power light to turn on.

2.Software Reset-

  • Using a computer that’s connected to your router, open a browser and type “192.168.1.1” in the Address bar then press [ENTER].  If your router’s IP address has been changed, use that instead.
  • Enter your router’s administrator credentials to log in.
  • When the router’s web-based setup page appears, click the Administrationtab.
  • Click Factory Defaults and click on factory default settings.

Router antenna matters

Normally routers are with one antenna. If two identical antennae router is used, It does not increase the speed (Mbps )of Wi-Fi but covers more area.

Say if you have a router on the ground floor with two antennae, one kept horizontal will cover the ground floor and another vertical antenna can cover the 1st floor. To capture 802.11b,g and n radiowaves, Modern Routers have antennae ( Plural of the antenna is antennae) so that there is dual frequency access, 2.4GHz, and 5GHz radio waves. The two antennae in the router help improve the propagation of the signal.

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